Cash OnlineOnline cash
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On-line vs. Off-line Digital cash
Money online means to interact with a financial institution, either via a telephone line via a telephone line or via a telephone line to do business with a third person. Using off-line digitally cash, customers can conclude a deal without directly consulting a local financial institution. Therefore, off-line anonymised cash is the most complex kind of cash as it can be very simple to copy and then output both the source and the copy.
Genuine electronic money must avoid this doubling, otherwise we could all quickly become wealthy! The online system requires traders to connect to the bank's system for each purchase. By storing information on all the stocks of digitised cash it has processed, the merchant can indicate whether a slice of digitised cash is still "good".
Once the trader has been informed that the money has already been issued, the trader is notified and can decline the transaction. The system has a similarity to that of a credential checking system. Currently, there are two ways in which off-line cash management can help avoid e-cash duplications.
One is to create a tamper-proof smartcard that keeps an overview of spending on electronic money and recognizes and disallows any attempts to copy it. Second, the encryption of the replicated money is used to authenticate the person until the moment the money arrives at the deposit.
There is a distinction between off-line anonymised cash and off-line identifiable cash in that anonymised cash can only be tracked if the cash is copied and issued. But with the detected off-line cash, the path can always be followed and the merchant will always know who purchased what, where and when.
Even if the banks knows, so does the accountant.