Reverse Mortgage Limits

Backward mortgage limits

Consumers Financial Protection Bureau publishes new regulations for qualifying mortgage loans Finally, the CFPB (Consumer Financial Protection Bureau) has issued a definitive scheme that creates extra demands on the lender to record and certify the capacity of potential purchasers to pay back their mortgage. The Z decree currently forbids a lender from granting a higher-priced mortgage without taking into account the consumer's capacity to pay back the mortgage. This definitive scheme transposes paragraphs 1411 and 1412 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act which generally requires that creditors make a rational, bona fide assessment of a consumer's capacity to redeem home based transactions in respect of consumers' loans (other than an open line of credit, time share scheme, reverse mortgage or fixed term loan) and lays down certain safeguards against liabilities under this provision for 'qualifying mortgages'.

According to the "ability to repay" principle, all new mortgage products must fulfil essential conditions relating to the consumer's ability to obtain funds to reimburse them. The characteristics of the new rules include: Consumer finance information must be provided and checked by creditors. Borrowers must have enough asset or revenue to be able to repay it.

Creditors must assess and determine that the debtor can pay back the facility on the basis of at least eight actuarial factors: actual or reasonably anticipated earnings or wealth; actual job status; periodic payments for the business insured; periodic payments for any concurrent loans; periodic payments for mortgage-related liabilities; actual indebtedness, maintenance, and children's benefits; periodic payments for debts to earnings or remaining earnings; and borrowing histories.

Creditors cannot assess a consumer's capacity to pay back on the basis of the " teaser " rate. Repayability " does not prejudice a consumer's right to contest a creditor for purported breaches of other German legislation on consumers defence. It is assumed that creditors have respected the "ability to repay" principle when issuing "qualified mortgages".

" Those mortgages must fulfil certain conditions that forbid or restrict certain characteristics. Once a borrower meets the clear eligibility conditions of a qualified mortgage, the consumer has more certainty that they can repay the mortgage. Qualifying mortgage conditions include: An eligible mortgage may not contain any specific credit characteristics, inclusive of maturities of more than 30 years, pure interest rate repayments or adverse amortisation repayments as the face value rises.

Qualifying mortgages are usually granted to persons who have a debt-to-income ratio of less than or equal to 43 per cent. Qualified mortgage limits points and charges, as well as those used to indemnify lenders such as credit clerks and brokerage firms. Two types of qualifying mortgages exist which have different protection characteristics for a single borrower and different ramifications for the creditor.

First, qualified mortgages with a refutable assumption, are higher-priced credits. As a rule, these credits are granted to customers with inadequate or poor creditworthiness. It is assumed that creditors offering these credits have established that the debtor was able to reimburse the debt. However, the consumer can question this assumption by showing that he actually did not have enough incomes to cover the mortgage and his other livelihood.

Second, qualified mortgage with safety harbor protection, are usually cheaper credits. These credits are usually classed as "prime" credits granted to less "risky" customers. "They will also give creditors more assurance that they are meeting the new "repayment obligation", although customers may try to contest it if they believe that the mortgage does not fit the qualified mortgage description.

Section 1414 of the Dodd-Frank Act, which limits advance payment fines, also transposes the definitive regulation. Finally, the definitive rules also require holders to keep proof of adherence to the rules for three years after the conclusion of a secured credit agreement.

Auch interessant

Mehr zum Thema