3 Major Credit Score CompaniesNotable credit rating companies 3
The Congress is considering changes to the FCRA to extend consumer credit files and limit the use of credit reports for employment decisions.
Congress has passed two laws to amend the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) to improve the situation for consumers." H.R. 4172, "The Credit Access and Inclusion Act of 2015", has cross-party backing, although it is rejected by certain groups of people. H.R. 4172 - "The Credit Access and Inclusion Act of 2015" Supporter claim that users will profit from improved credit information disclosure.
The provision of all payments information, both affirmative and negative, to rating agencies is referred to as full filing of payments. "4 "4 While utilities and telecoms are important credit users, most either just provide credit rating agencies with "negative information only (misdemeanours, default and collection) or do not provide it at all. "5 "5" Regulational uncertainties about the legitimacy of the transmission of information to credit rating agencies have been singled out as "the main political obstacle to the shared use of utilities and telecoms information with credit rating agencies".
"6 "6 h.r. 4172 responds to this insecurity by enabling full coverage. H.R. 4172 states in the pertinent part: and ( fig. 2 B) on the basis of a supply or telecommunication services agreement. and ( fig. 2 ) the customer fulfils the commitments under the terms of the settlement agreement as set out by the supplier. "Adversaries are arguing that increasing the coverage of credit information damages them.
Adversaries of the law, among them groups such as the National Consumer Law Center (NCLC), believe that this increase in coverage will actually hurt rather than help them. At present, at least three states forbid utilities or telecommunications suppliers from disclosing a customer's payments or information to rating agencies without the customer's approval.
The bill will anticipate these acts by allowing public service companies and telecommunications operators to disclose such information to rating agencies. NCLC's first worry is that H.R. 4172 anticipates data protection legislation that prohibits the provision of billing information by U. S. companies and creates a "dangerous test case by interfering with the long-standing state jurisdiction over natural-gas and electric power companies.
" Next, the NCLC thinks that the figures cited by advocates to show how few customers have delayed pension payment and therefore how few customers will see their credit rating reduced by H.R. 4172 are imprecise. In addition, the NCLC does not agree with the proponents' claims that a low credit score is better than no score, as a poor credit score can affect job opportunities and a low credit score makes the consumer susceptible to robbery.
Finally, the NCLC is worried that full coverage of supply credits will affect the credit standing of customers by "maintaining the level of services and delaying reimbursement under government sanctions". "The coverage "threatens to leave credit lines with dark spots on consumers' credit records, even if state legislation provides for safeguards against the shutdown of the credit line. Although H.R. 4172 prohibits supply companies from notifying delayed purchases when a customer makes purchases under a purchase schedule, it is at the supplier's free judgement whether the customer fulfils the commitments under the purchase schedule.
The NCLC is opposed to what it regards as'wide supply discretion' and states that ' [t]he customer is not in a position to contest a utility's decision'. Final reflections on H.R. 4172 and its impact on credit rating agencies and credit institutes. H.R. 4172 represents customers with little credit histories, but a track record of punctual payment for electricity, telecommunications and rent.
Consumers groups such as the NCLC emphasise the adverse impact of low creditworthiness or bad credit reports, while advocates quote the advantages of a more comprehensive credit record, to include better accessibility to accessible credit market. Furthermore, a Brookings Institute survey showed how creditors can profit from a more comprehensive credit record available through full financial reports, which in turn has a beneficial effect on the overall economic environment.
Seventeen The Survey found that the inclusion of full utilities and telecommunications payment in conventional credit statements would significantly reduce a creditor's failure time. After all, rating agencies will have more information to trade and their notifications will be even more predictable, as the Brookings Institute survey showed. Since different sectors require Big data to be used to better service their customers, whether through insurance company endorsement or credit extension by finance companies, rating agencies will find ways to create value by obtaining full H.R. 4172 compliance coverage.
H.R. 3524 - "Equal employment for all Act of 2015" While this bill has little prospect of being passed in the present Congress, and similar laws have faltered in Congress in 2010,28 states are progressively restricting employers' capacity to use credit reporting for job creation as well. Because of the mine field of FCRA technological processes and the new state law, it is advisable for an employer to seek the advice of an experienced lawyer in order to devise a systemic methodology for requiring consumers' reporting and making subsequent job choices.